Schizophrenia as a disease was discovered only two centuries ago. That's when doctors began to describe the main symptoms of schizophrenia and to select treatments. And earlier it was considered a vice, the universe of demons, as well as find other supernatural explanations.
Symptoms of schizophrenia, when the expanded picture of the disease, noticeable even inexperienced medical person. The main symptoms of schizophrenia are, apathy, apathy, withdrawal, and bizarre behavior associated with hallucinations and delusions experienced by ideas seroquel help.
Schizophrenia affects almost all spheres of human mental activity:
In a speech to present logic-chopping, delusional statements and slipping on an important topic at the other. Thinking bessvyazannoe, viteevatoe and viscous.
Strong will suffer, patients not capable of initiative, independent action and decision-making.
Emotions are inadequate current events, virtually no facial expressions and pantomime, voice monotonous and devoid of emotional nuances.
Man loses social skills, communication is reduced to nothing, there is no desire to work, raise a family and to bring any benefit.
Forms and types of schizophrenia are divided into:
continuously progradiently - the disease runs continuously with a gradually increasing defect of personality;
attack-like progradiently - exacerbation followed by periods of clinical remission, the destruction of the individual increases with the progression of the disease;
recursively - bouts of schizophrenia are replaced by states persistent dormancy, personality changes are expressed slightly; Favorable type of disease in which a person remains in operation for a long time, and social interests.
Productive symptoms in schizophrenia are presented nonsense, deception and perception of odd behavior. Delusional thoughts are most often associated with feelings of special purpose, of persecution, jealousy or fantastic cosmogony. Pseudohallucinations usually verbal character, commenting or criticizing the actions of the patient. Other deceptions of perception can be in the form of visual hallucinations oneiric character (Space dreams), taste changes, non-existent crawling insects or worms and distorted perception of their body.
Negative symptoms are expressed as apatite-abulicheskimi syndrome, ie, reduction in emotional and volitional manifestations of man. Sooner or later, this leads to a defect of the person with schizophrenia - such changes the psyche of the patient, which make it impossible to execute a man of his family and social function. Patients with schizophrenia with pronounced personality defect incapable of productive activity. They drop out of school, can not hold a job, they stop taking care of their loved ones and take care of their appearance.
Depression and mania in patients with schizophrenia sufficiently frequent and they have their own characteristics. Affective disorders in schizophrenia occur in a quarter of cases.
Mania in schizophrenia manifests through a silly behavior, elements of anger and fury. In contrast to mood disorders, mania, schizophrenia develops suddenly and disappear just as quickly.
Schizophrenic depression is usually accompanied by excessive anxiety and inner tension, without the mental and physical on the study. Anxiety-depressive syndrome of schizophrenia, in the absence of help of a psychiatrist, can lead to suicide. Relapse of depression often leads to a new psychosis, so depressive symptoms in schizophrenia is the reason for hospitalization. Mood disorders in schizophrenia is always combined with the main symptoms of schizophrenia.
During exacerbation of schizophrenia, the first thing that catches your eye - unfounded concern. This may manifest itself as an even stronger withdrawal, or agitation. The patient experiences a strong mental stress, often hears voices threatening, it is not critical to their delusional thoughts and express them out loud. During this period, the person ceases to sleep at night, appetite is virtually absent, increased anxiety and irritability. He also attempts to protect themselves from danger, performing ridiculous acts or rituals, becomes suspicious to close people can start alkogolizirovannyh or run away from home.
During psychosis, it is important to reassure the person as much as possible, to agree with his ideas and cause psychiatric ambulance or by private psychiatrist.
Aggressive schizophrenia symptoms
Recurrence of schizophrenia may be associated with aggressive behavior. The patient is excited, rushing around the apartment, the mood changes dramatically from supportive kindness to the riot and fury, and back. The criticism to his condition is absent. Patients are no longer aware of where they are confused in time, do not understand what is happening around.
During bouts of aggression, patients can harm both ourselves and others. We need as quickly as possible to turn to a psychiatrist for emergency psychiatric care.
The diagnosis of schizophrenia symptoms
The diagnosis of schizophrenia can be set only after a long observation by physicians within the psychiatric hospital. The group of psychiatrists and other specialists collect the required standard of history, they ask the patient and the next of kin of the beginning and course of the disease, carried out all the necessary tests. Clinic "Transformation" is successfully engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia for many years. The first consultation in a psychiatric clinic is always done by a psychiatrist free.
Highly qualified specialists pay attention to the features of the behavior of the patient, his facial expressions, voice and movement. It turns mental changes of thinking, speech, attention and intelligence of the patient. In analyzing the data, psychiatrists conducted a comparison with other possible diagnoses, if necessary, appoint an additional examination by physicians and allied health professions. Once the diagnosis of schizophrenia is defined and described all the symptoms - the patient signs the full treatment regimen of the disease.
Start of symptoms of schizophrenia
Manifesto of schizophrenia is often provoked by heavy loads, alcoholism or other stressful situation. Although the disease itself is not a response to stressful situations as in neurosis, excessive stress gives the breakdown of the psyche of a man who has a genetic predisposition to it.
In some forms of schizophrenia, such as paranoid, the disease begins acutely, accompanied by delusions and hallucinations. In others, as in the simple schizophrenia, - gradually increasing destruction of the patient's identity, the loss of ability to act purposefully and constructively.