Proper diet and well-written menu is of utmost importance. Diet for diabetes mellitus type 2 allows you to control mild forms of the disease and avoid taking medication use. Patients received therapeutic diet №9, aimed at the restoration of metabolic processes in the body. The basic principles of diet are as follows:
digestible carbohydrates (sweets, bread, confectionery, sweet fruits and berries) are excluded from the diet.
Up to 50% animal fat is replaced by vegetable oils.
Recommended daily intake of fresh vegetables that contain valuable fiber.
Taking food in small portions 4-6 times a day.
Keep an eye on the fact that the food was balanced and satisfy the body's need for essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
Many patients know that sweet berries are forbidden to eat. And what about the largest and sweet berries and whether there is a watermelon with type 2 diabetes? Doctors are allowed to use watermelon with insulin-dependent diabetes, but limit the daily rate of use of this product is 250 - 300 gram. If the patient is in the watermelon season increases this rate, he must give up other foods containing carbohydrates.
Watermelon contains almost no calories, but has a pretty high glycemic index. A diet based on this product helps to reduce weight, but stimulates appetite by increasing blood glucose levels. Therefore, enter a watermelon on the menu should be gradually and in small portions, while no harm from it.
With regard to such a seemingly healthy and natural products like honey and jam, expert opinion clear - you can not use them! They contain the "fast" carbohydrates that quickly raise blood glucose levels and can trigger dangerous complications.
Overall, the estimated diabetic menu is as follows:
Black bread (up to 200 g per day);
Lean meat or fish (250-300g);
Greens and vegetables. Potatoes, carrots and beans are not bolee200 g per day. The rest of the vegetables can be eaten without restriction.
Acidic fruits and berries (300 g daily);
Drinks, green tea, weak coffee or black tea with milk, sour juices.
Need to eat smaller portions, but often up to 6 times per day. Between breakfast, lunch or dinner should be 2 to 3 snacks of fruit or dairy products. Before the meal is recommended to drink some juice or mineral water. When buying a ready-made products (yogurt, juices, fruit and vegetable canned food), be sure to check the label of the sugar content.
Alcoholic beverages will be the lesser evil dry wines, vodka and bitters. During the feast, you can consume no more than 100 g of alcohol, always biting products containing heavy carbohydrates (potatoes, bread, rice salad). And do not forget the next day to check blood sugar levels and spend a few days on a strict diet.
Physical activity in type 2 diabetes is aimed at reducing weight, increasing the sensitivity of tissues to insulin and prevent possible complications. Exercise improves the functioning of the cardio - vascular and respiratory system and enhances performance.
Implementation certain set of physical exercises shown in any form of diabetes. Even with bedrest recommend specific exercises that are performed in the supine position. In other cases, the patient has been sitting or standing.
Workout begin with upper and lower extremities, then move on to exercises with weights. To do this, use the expander or the dumbbell up to 2 x kg. Useful breathing exercises, dynamic load (walking, cycling, skiing, swimming).
It is very important for the patient to control their condition. If in the course of employment there is sudden weakness, dizziness, tremors in the limbs, it is necessary to finish the exercise and be sure to eat. In the future, should resume classes, simply by reducing the load.
The basis of the second type of diabetes prevention of adherence to the principles of a healthy diet and lifestyle. From the diet should be excluded such "harm" as fast - food, prepared food, canned foods contain a lot of preservatives, sugar, flavorings, colorings and other chemicals.
A healthy and active lifestyle, exercise, avoiding harmful habits will strengthen health and help prevent the development of a complex disease, its dangerous consequences. It is well known that an active life position and a positive attitude to help avoid stress, depression, and other unpleasant conditions that can provoke metabolic disorders and trigger the development of diabetes. Strengthen your ability to handle stress, take care of the nervous system, do not give in to discouragement and depression. This will help to maintain health and prevent many diseases.
Over the years, their health should be treated very carefully. It is necessary to control blood pressure, cholesterol levels in the blood, examined annually by an endocrinologist. Discover the development of disease at an early stage will help fundus examination by an ophthalmologist, and laboratory studies of blood sugar.
If you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes should strictly comply with all recommendations of your doctor, to observe the prescribed diet and regularly using a glucometer to monitor blood sugar levels. Timely and professional assistance in the early stages can help stop the progression of the disease, prevent the development of serious complications, and allow to live a full life.